National Science Day: why every Indian should Celebrate it!Feb 28, 2019
Every year 28th February is celebrated as National Science Day, it is observed to mark the discovery of Raman Effect by Sir C V Raman. For his discovery, on 28 February 1928, Sir C. V. Raman was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930. This day is now celebrated across the nation in schools, colleges, universities and other academic institution as National Science Day.
This day is revered with a theme set up by the Department of Science and Technology and the celebrations also include public speeches, exhibitions, project demonstrations and much more to encourage people and to popularize Science and Technology.
The theme specified by the Department of Science and Technology for 2019 is "Science for the People, and People for the Science."
Science for the People
Science is a path to knowledge about the universe and the world around us. The ideas constructed during the process of science is tested time and again, making people confident. Through constant development, science provides powerful explanations to all the observations and patterns developed by various scientists.
Knowledge derived from this process is used to improve the basic lifestyle and necessities of a human. From designing bridges to developing new drugs, Science and Technology is used to solve practical problems and make informed decisions both individually and collectively.
The process of science is relevant to everyday life and to everyone. Some elements, however, might not apply to you practically, but, most of the aspects are applicable to everyday situations.
Understanding science and the applications of technology will provide everyone a new outlook to life.
Though you may not realize it, almost everything we do in our day to day lives involves science and technology in one way or the other. Whether it is using medicines or health supplements, using and electronic device, electricity itself is science. Virtually everything in the modern world is based on science and technology.
To emphasize on the benefits science for the people, here are a few basic ways in which science is mainstream in your everyday life.
Cellular phones/ Mobile phones: Making or receiving phone calls on your cell phone or landline for that matter is purely scientific technology.
Medicinal drugs: The formula you consume in form of a tablet or otherwise, to manage morbid symptoms is available only due to science. Researchers and scientists have conducted complex studies and experiments all over the world to develop medicines to combat various ailments.
People for Science
Government of India is introducing more funds to create opportunities for research organizations and academic institutions to fascinate people for science and technological research and development.
Some of the renowned scientists who have made their mark with their innovations and discoveries in various fields of science in India are C. V. Raman, Dr. Homi J. Bhabha, Srinivasa Ramanujan, Dr. Har Govind Singh Khorana, Vikram Sarabhai and many more. In the list below you can find the list of 5 scientist who changed the world.
Sir C. V. Raman
- Nobel Prize for his work on scattering of light, known as the Raman Effect.
- He also worked on the acoustics of musical instruments.
Dr. Homi Jehangir Bhabha
- Played an important role in the Quantum Theory.
- First person to chair the Atomic Energy Commission of India.
Sir M. Visvesvaraya
- Is a recipient of the Indian Republic’s highest honour, the Bharat Ratna.
- He has the credit of inventing ‘automatic sluice gates’ and ‘block irrigation system’.
- An internationally acclaimed Astrophysicist, known for his design and fabrication of ultra-light aircraft and sailboats.
- His observations and theoretical insights helped the community in unraveling many mysteries surrounding pulsars, interstellar clouds, galaxy structures and various other celestial bodies.
- Awarded the 1983 Nobel Prize for Physics for his mathematical theory of black holes.
- His work concerns the radiation of energy from stars, particularly white dwarf stars.
According to a World Bank report on 'unleashing India's innovation potential, it is estimated that there are nearly 3 lakh scientists and innovators in the country. Contributing to the field of science and technology, many multinational and government aided organizations are setting up R&D centers. India is home to approximately 2 million science post graduates and over 1 lakh Ph.D. holders.
Hence, the field of science and technology is not only rewarding and satisfying, it also an ideal platform where people for science can create life-changing technologies. Life in the field of R&D not only brings recognition and fame but also endless avenues for a career growth.